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Cardiovascular Conditions Treated

The following conditions are some of the most common treated by a cardiologist. A cardiologist can offer expert care for many other related medical problems. If you need care for a condition not listed here, please call (708) 660-INFO (4636) to find a doctor who can help you.

  • Angina: Chest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart isn’t receiving enough blood.
  • Aortic aneurysm: An abnormal bulge in the main artery that carries blood from the heart into the chest and abdomen.
  • Arrhythmia: Irregular heartbeat.
  • Atherosclerosis: A disease in which plaque builds up inside the arteries.
  • Atrial fibrillation: A condition that causes an irregular heartbeat.
  • Cardiomyopathy: Diseases of the heart muscle.
  • Claudication: Painful cramping of the leg that can lead to peripheral vascular disease.
  • Congestive heart failure: Occurs when proper blood flow is prevented by a weakened heart.
  • Coronary artery disease: Occurs when the heart does not receive enough blood and oxygen.
  • Edema: Refers to swelling caused by an extra build-up of fluid in body’s tissues.
  • Endocarditis: An infection in the lining of heart chambers and valves.
  • Heart attack: Also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs when part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies due to a lack of blood flow to the area.
  • Heart murmur: An abnormal or extra sound from a heartbeat.
  • High blood pressure: The force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries.
  • High cholesterol: Too much cholesterol in the bloodstream leads to hardening of the arteries and other heart problems.
  • High triglycerides: A type of fat in the blood at a high level can lead to coronary and other diseases.
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: An abnormal thickening of the heart muscle.
  • Marfan syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the connective tissue that supports the body.
  • Mitral regurgitation: A type of heart valve disease in which the mitral valve does not close tightly, causing blood to flow back into the heart’s chambers.
  • Mitral stenosis: A type of heart valve disease in which the mitral valve becomes narrowed and does not open properly.
  • Mitral valve prolapse: Occurs when the mitral valve, which controls blood flow in the left side of the heart, doesn’t close tightly.
  • Pericarditis: Infection or inflammation in the sac around the heart.
  • Peripheral vascular disease: Occurs when a buildup of plaque and other substances blocks or narrows arteries, limiting or halting blood flow.
  • Pulmonary embolism: A blood clot that lodges in one of the lung's arteries.
  • Pulmonary hypertension: High blood pressure in the arteries.
  • Pulmonary stenosis: A rare disorder in which the heart’s pulmonary valve is narrowed.
  • Rheumatic heart disease: An inflammatory disease caused by a bacterial infection.
  • Sick sinus syndrome: Occurs when heart disease has damaged the sinus nodes, causing the heart’s rhythm to fluctuate.
  • Syncope: Medical term for fainting, or temporarily losing consciousness.
  • Ventricular tachycardia: A rapid heartbeat that originates in the heart’s lower chambers.